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Aluminum Oxide:A protective substance added to the urethane finish for increased abrasion resistance in the wear layer.
Backing: Vinyl flooring is constructed of several different layers: the wear layer, the printed or decorative layer, an inner core consisting of a foam and vinyl layer, and a backing. Felt and fiberglass are the most common backing.
Decorative Layer: This layer contains the design replicas such as wood, stone, bamboo, or painted concrete as created by the rotogravure process.
Floating Floor: Floating floors consist of planks or tiles of flooring with durable backings that have minimally protruding connective joints around the perimeter of the plank or tile. These joints serve as a juncture for other planks or tiles to click together during installation so that the floor stays securely in place without having to glue the planks or tiles to the substrate.
Full Spread: When adhesive is troweled over the entire substrate prior to installing a glue down product such as sheet vinyl.
Inner Core: The foam and vinyl layer making up the bulk of the vinyl’s body. The inner core provides durability, insulation and comfort.
Linoleum: Flooring composed of linseed oil, wood flour or cork dust. This type of flooring is different than vinyl and has been around for 150 years. Linoleum is considered a green flooring.
LVT (Luxury Vinyl Tile): LVT is vinyl flooring made into tiles for easy installation and a more genuine looking replica of wood or stone. LVT can be glue down, floating, or floating with a click system much like laminate flooring. Many do-it-yourselfers find this product ideal to work with.
Perimeter Adhered: The adhesive is only applied to the perimeter of the flooring and the seams with this installation method.
Resilient: Flooring that has “give” or elasticity. This includes all vinyl flooring, linoleum, cork, and rubber.
Rotogravure: A printing process that uses an engraved plate to apply a decorative dye layer and texture to the vinyl gel coat creating a world of flooring patterns.
Rubber: A durable, resilient, hygienic flooring choice that is easily recycled and often includes previously recycled material.
Seams: The line where two pieces of flooring meet.
Seam Sealer: A thin liquid adhesive applied to the cut edges of vinyl sheets to join them together.
Subflooring: The foundational flooring of a structure which may or may not require shoring up with a substrate prior to installing resilient flooring.
Substrate: The surface on which the vinyl flooring will be laid. It could be wood, concrete or old vinyl.
VCT: Vinyl Composition Tiles. Another affordable vinyl flooring choice, but is constructed differently than LVT or sheet vinyl. These tiles are composed of colored vinyl chips and fillers made of various inorganic materials. These fillers will vary depending on the manufacturer and the color of the tile; however, VCT is distinguished by the fact that almost 65% of VCT’s primary raw “filler” ingredient is limestone, a naturally abundant and non-polluting material. VCT is formed into solid sheets of varying thicknesses (1/8” is most common) by heat and pressure and cut into 12” squares. While being a very affordable option for commercial flooring, it does require waxing and buffing on a consistent basis according to the amount of traffic on the floor.
Vinyl: Shiny and tough and flexible plastic; used especially for floor coverings made from polyvinylchloride (PVC) and plasticizer.
Wear Layer: The top surface of vinyl flooring. The thickness varies with each vinyl floor product. A thicker wear layer means greater resistance to scratching and scarring.